In dialogue with the skin

Prof. Dr. med. Urs Pohlman

 

Urs Pohlman, the founder and developer of ananné active ingredient cosmetics, is committed to doing something good for the skin in the long term. In this blog post, the expert explains the properties of our skin and how a dermatologist enters into dialogue with it.

Our largest organ

The skin is the largest organ of the human organism. As a doctor of integrative medicine, I would like to take this into account and have been in close dialogue with the skin for many years.

The skin is not only our largest but also the most "self-evident" organ, which means that we take many things for granted without thinking deeper about function and performance. The skin "just works". This also plays into the care of the skin. Like some seemingly obvious things, the skin is often underestimated, almost "overlooked". It forms its surface with about two square meters (in a normal-sized adult) and carries a variety of vital functions in a dense space.

It forms the boundary of the organism to the outside, is a sensory organ, serves the temperature regulation and is an important link in the immune system. On the skin there is so much readable for the trained look that one can almost speak of a window into the interior of the organism. As a practicing doctor, I also analyze the facial skin during the anamnesis, as emotions (tension) and skin diseases, especially in the face, are closely linked to visible physiological and psychological impulses.

A face can speak volumes

The face itself is a unique region of the body. No living being expresses itself through its face like man. The mobility of the face serves one's own expression and communication.

It is therefore obvious to pay special attention to the skin of the face. It is striking that skin diseases have increased considerably in the population in recent decades and that this correlates with a seemingly better supply of "civilized and wealthy" societies. Some reasons for this are already known – for example, too little sun protection or incorrect care – and could be remedied relatively easily. This requires some change in behaviour, comparable to sensitivity to the quality and origin of food, which has already made significant progress in most population groups.

Most behaviors don't require much effort. Much becomes immediately understandable if you know something about your own skin and its function or simply pay a little more attention to it in your daily care. So it is only justified that you as a consumer have a right to know what is in the large range of care products.

Skin type and skin condition

Die Haut ist ein selbständiges Organ wie Nieren, Herz und Lunge. Sie ist ein Wunderwerk der Natur und funktioniert einfach. In der Dermatologie wird zwischen Skin type and skin condition unterschieden, welche durch äussere und innere Einflüsse beeinflusst werden.

The skin is closely correlated with the digestive system: if something is wrong in the margin intestinal tract, this becomes felt and visible, for example, via impure or highly inflammatory skin.

Therefore, it is important to pay special attention to the skin also in the care, its Skin and the Hautzustand to analyze and know.

With the Skin wird die genetische Disposition auch unter Berücksichtigung des jeweiligen Lebensalters bezeichnet. Bei der Einteilung des Hauttyps orientieren wir uns an der Menge des in der Haut individuell produzierten Pigment Melanins. Melanin absorbiert UV-Licht und verhindert, dass UV-Licht in die Dermis (=tiefer gelagerte Hautschicht) vordringt.

However, the melanin stored in the skin cannot fully absorb the UV light. The natural protection time is referred to differently for each skin type.

Type

Complexion

Hair color

Eyes

Feature

Natural protection period

Celtic

Very bright

Blonde

reddish

Blue, green, light grey

Spreads freckles,

hardly any tanning

Nordic

Hell

Blond,

tan

Blue, green,

grey

Often freckles,

low tanning

10-20 minutes

Mischtyp

Medium

Light to dark brown, black

Blue, green, grey, braun, dunkel

Slow tanning,

light brown tones

20-30 minutes

Mediterranean

Brownish, olive

Brown to black

Brown

Fast tanning,

mittlere Browntöne

0 minutes

Dark

Dark

Black

Dark bis schwarz

Fast tanning,

dunkle Browntöne

0 minutes

Black

Darkbraun bis schwarz

Black

Dark

Barely visible increase in pigmentation

0 minutes

 

The Hautzustand results from the current situation of the organism (endogenous = coming from within) and the external (exogenous) variable factors. We usually distinguish the so-called T-zone (forehead and nose) and the cheek area. The characteristics can vary in severity and vary depending on factors such as climate or hormone status.

Of course, the quantity and quality of sebum production and the predisposition of each individual also play a considerable role. The skin condition is a snapshot that can return to normal or intensify after changes in factors.

Hautzustand

Character

Sensitivity

Normal

Uncomplicated, balanced, rather dry in winter

None

Combination

Oily T-zone, dry cheeks

Medium

Oily

Verstärkte Talgproduktion, Grössere Hautporen und dickeres Hautrelief

High

Dry

Delicate and fine-pored, low sebum production, weak binding ability with water

High

Sensitive

Redness, swelling, eczema

Very high

Mature
(from 45 years)

Deeper formation of lines and wrinkles, decreasing elasticity and noticeable loss of elasticity, disturbance of the even distribution of melanin (age spots)

Very high

  

In the skin care of ananné we also speak of phytomedicine. This means that you work with herbal active ingredients. I find it fascinating that plants form certain substances that are associated with processes in humans and have a positive effect on them.

The different skin layers

In the skin, three layers can be distinguished: the visible epidermis, the underlying dermis and the deeper subcutaneous tissue. The superficial epidermis (epidermis), the underlying dermis (dermis) and the deeper subcutis (subcutis). Each layer has special properties and functions. The skin includes various glands (sebaceous and sweat glands), and all hair as well as fingernails and toenails.

What initially seems like a multitude of different details is rather a finely tuned ensemble of processes that balance themselves between the internal state of the organism and the conditions of the environment and to mediate in a balancing way. In sum, all processes boil down to the preservation of the whole organism and this by stabilizing the balance of all life processes of the organism. The skin has an amazing ability to buffer tendencies to deviations or stress situations and thus to keep the organism stable.

Epidermis

It is also called the epidermis or cornea and is in addition to the mechanical protection for the Feuchtigkeitsregulation responsible.

It regulates the loss of water through the skin, the trans-epitherlial water loss, which is an important orientation for complementary skin care. If the water loss is higher than the moisture coming from the dermis, the skin surface dries out. In places, the layer of the skin hardens or can even tear because it loses elasticity when dried out.

This layer is not supplied with blood and its lower layers are supplied with nutrients by the underlying cell layers of the dermis.

The epidermis shows a slightly acidic environment around a pH of 5.5, which varies slightly individually. Settle on the epidermis Bacteria. Diese Bacteria schädigen die Haut nicht, sondern schützen sie im Gegenteil vor der Ansiedlung möglicherweise schädlicher Keime. Sie halten das Angebot von Nährstoffen niedrig, so dass fremde Bacteria relativ ungünstige Lebensfaktoren vorfinden. Damit stabilisieren sie die Hautumgebung und stellen einen Bestandteil des Immunsystems dar.

Dermis

It is also called corium or dermis. The main functions of the dermis include the absorption of sensory stimuli and metabolism, but above all temperature control. The Absorption and processing of nutrients and regenerative processes
in the cells play a central role in this skin layer. A mesh made of elastic connective tissue fibres and the Collagen, forms the basic structure of the dermis. It is supplied with blood through finely branched veins, a capillary network.

In this layer also comes the hyaluronic acid naturally formed in the body , which are sugars that bind water and thus have a volume-filling property. Hyaluronic acid is thus one of the substances that fill the skin relief from the inside.

Subcutis

The subcutaneous tissue consists of a loose connective tissue network, in which mainly fat cells are stored, whereby one is between Baufett and Depotfett Distinguishes.

Depotfett sind Nahrungsreserven, während das Baufett funktionelle Eigenschaften (beispielsweise in der Abfederung in der Fusssohle), hat and anatomisch vom Körper auch in Hungerphasen erst sehr spät abgebaut wird. Die wärmeisolierende Eigenschaft des Körperfetts hat vor allem in kalten Lebensumfeldern (beispielsweise in nördlichen Breitengraden) eine wichtige Funktion.

Strukturell ist das Unterhautgewebe nicht sehr komplex and zeigt einen engen Bezug zum Stoffwechsel des Gesamtorganismus, der Verdauung. Energiereserven lagert der Organismus im Depotfett ein.

Auch in der Unterhaut gibt es geschlechtsspezifische Unterschiede, einerseits in der Fettverteilung sichtbar am unterschiedlichen Körperbau and andererseits am Einfluss des «weiblichen» Hormons Oestrogen on the tissue structure. This hormonal effect is finally manifested in the Cellulitis, which mainly affect women.

Leave a comment

All comments are moderated before being published